Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in North East England around the mouths of the Rivers Tyne and Wear. It consists of the five metropolitan boroughs of South Tyneside, North Tyneside, City of Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead and the City of Sunderland. The territory comprising the county of Tyne and Wear previously formed part of the counties of Northumberland and County Durham.
Newcastle-upon-Tyne is a city and metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, in North East England. Situated on the north bank of the River Tyne, the city is largely a business and cultural centre, with a particular reputation for nightlife. Like most cities, Newcastle has a diverse cross section, having areas of poverty to areas of affluence. Among its main icons are Newcastle Brown Ale, a leading brand of beer, Newcastle United F.C., a Football League Championship team, and the Tyne Bridge. It has hosted the world's most popular half marathon, the Great North Run, since it began in 1981.
Gateshead town centre and Newcastle city centre are very close to one another, and together they form the urban core of Tyneside.
The City of Sunderland is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. It is named after its largest settlement, Sunderland, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Washington, Houghton-le-Spring, and other smaller settlements. It is situated at the mouth of the River Wear. The Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art on Fawcett Street and Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens showcase exhibitions and installations from up-and-coming and established artists alike, with the latter holding an extensive collection of LS Lowry. The National Glass Centre on Liberty Way also exhibits a number of glass sculptures.